Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Genrikh Gasparyan (Генрих Каспарян)

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Genrikh Gasparyan (27 February 1910 - 27 December 1995) was an Armenian International Master of chess (1950) and International Grandmaster of Chess Composition (1972).
Reached the USSR Championship finals four times (1931, 1937, 1947, 1952) and was Armenian Champion ten times (1934, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956), including two ties with future World Champion Tigran Petrosian. He was also champion of Tbilisi in 1931, 1937 and 1945 and South Caucasus champion in 1935.
Gasparyan is best known for his compositions. His favourite field was in endgame studies; he was probably most famous study composer in the world and has often been nicknamed "The King of Studies". He wrote several books and collections and composed about 600 studies, many on the theme of domination, winning 57 first prizes. He won the USSR Composing Championship a number of times. He had 175,83 FIDE Album points.